Instituição de ensino:

Universidade de São Paulo (USP)


Relações Internacionais


Otávio Macedo Viegas



Ano de defesa:




 Since the first months of Lula da Silva's presidency, Brazil adopted a more assertive stance in its foreign policy. A number of recent papers and books have emphasized one aspect of change in the country's strategy of external insertion, during President Lula's two terms in office (2003-2010): autonomy played a central role in the framing of Brazilian interests in global affairs. Chapter 1 reviews the literature on Brazilian foreign policy during that period, taking into account the following dimensions: a) the concept of autonomy; b) the return of the autonomist group to Itamaraty and the erosion of the ministry's monopoly in foreign policy-making; c) the links between regional leadership and a more autonomous stance in international politics. The goal of chapter 2 is to make an analysis of Brazilian foreign policy during President Lula's years (2003-2010) and is divided in two parts, besides the introduction and the conclusion. In the first section I initially discuss the concepts of middle-power and autonomy, then proceed to an overview of Brazil's foreign policy in the period. In the second section I analyze the country's quest for autonomy during President Lula's government, emphasizing the aspect of change in diplomatic stances during his second term. I argue that adjustment and program changes took place in this period and also discuss structural challenges affecting Brazil today.


Rafael Antonio Duarte Villa


Governo Lula; Política externa brasileira